German Shepherds are one of the most popular police dogs; they are used to chase after and track down bad guys; as sniffers to detect explosives, drugs or any other threat; as search and rescue dogs; as guard dogs, to keep watch over things.
This popularity not only happens in the real world but also transcends into movies and TV shows, emphasizing the famousness of this dog breed in the police force.
You would ask, what makes the German Shepherd so special that it’s preferred over most other dogs to be used as a police dog? Well, find out why the German Shepherds are famously used as police dogs and the best sniffer dogs in the world, all in this article. Read on!
Why Do They Use German Shepherds As Police Dogs?
The German Shepherd was bred for their peculiar traits. Max von Stephanitz, in the early 1900s, selected specific breeds of herding dogs, bred them together to create a new dog breed with high level of intelligence, persistence, trainability and loyalty.
For over a hundred years now, German Shepherds have been used as police dogs around the world. They are very smart dogs, with high retentive memories which make them able to assimilate commands and trainings easily.
They are hardworking and maintain a calm disposition under pressure. A combination of these traits make them suitable for the police and military work.
Coming third one the list of smartest dogs, German Shepherd is a trainable, obedient breed, possessing an unrivaled loyalty to their owners or masters. They also have a strong, athletic build, are relatively healthy and have a sound temperament.
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German Shepherds are so hardworking, persistent and dedicated to completing a job. Once a task is assigned to them, they see to it that it is completed and would not stop without hearing that the job is done from their owners. They are very obedient and so look to their handlers for instructions and commands; this dog breed aims to please.
German Shepherds rarely lose their heads. In the face of stress and even in the middle of a complex task, a hot pursuit or a tracking task, they are still able to listen to and follow commands from their handlers.
Another peculiar dog breed is the Rottweiler. Rottweilers are large dogs with an amazing level of strength and intelligence. However, they have low levels of endurance.
These characteristics have become the undoing of Rottweilers. Their large sizes give them an imposing, intimidating looks in addition to their jaw strength that makes them have very powerful bites. For these reasons, Rottweilers are not as popular in the police force as the German Shepherds.
What Dogs Do Police Use For Sniffer Dogs?
Police have since employed the services and skills of some dog breeds to carry out intelligence tasks. Here are a number of dog breeds that are commonly used as sniffer dogs to detect explosives and drugs:
As you would have guessed, German Shepherds take the cap for the most popular sniffer dogs as they are very smart and intelligent, which makes it easy to carry out any task, including search and rescue, hunting down criminals, guarding and sniffing. The unique traits of this dog breed makes them the perfect police dogs.
German Shepherds are followed closely by this dog breed, Belgian Malinois. Where there are no German Shepherds, Belgian Malinois are the next sought-after dogs.
The Belgian Malinois are small in size than the German Shepherds and react swiftly to situations. These traits sometimes make them a preferred choice than the German Shepherds. They are great at sniffing out drugs and explosives.
Boxers were first seen during the World War I and have since then been found in the military and police force, carrying out tasks This breed was originally bred to be working dogs. They have high level of speed that makes it easy for them to chase down and catch criminals.
These dogs are very energetic and need great amounts of stimulation. For this reason, they are the perfect dog breed for sniffing and detecting drugs or explosives.
This dog breed specializes in explosives and drugs detection. They are one of the most popular police dogs around. They are sometimes used as sniffer dogs in airports and harbos. Notwithstanding their ability to sniff out drugs and explosives, Labradors are quite the loyal breed, easy to train and great family dogs.
Doberman Pinschers have lean, athletic builds that make them quick on their feet, hardly losing any suspect in a chase. This dog breed have been in the police work for ages, working alongside the German Shepherds. They are mostly used to chase down criminals because of their athletic builds. They are easy to train and quite loyal.
This dog breed are very well known to be one of the best sniffer dogs. Bloodhounds have a heightened sense of smell and can track people, drugs or explosives by their scents. For this reason, they are popularly used as police dogs to carry out sniffing tasks.
ENGLISH SPRINGER SPANIEL
The English Springer Spaniel breed was bred to work the fields and are one of the best sniffer dogs because of their broad nostrils.
This becomes an advantage for them as they are able to sniff out human carcasses, drugs, explosives, fake currencies and lots more. Their super ability for sniffing notwithstanding, they are not very popularly used as police dogs.
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The Rottweiler breed is a very intelligent breed. This dog prides in its confidence, strength, size and dedication. They were originally bred to be herding dogs and so have the traits needed to carry out the necessary tasks.
Although the Rottweilers possess great qualities to work on the field, they are rarely used by the police due to their intimidating build and lack of endurance.
Cane Corso dogs are quite the courageous breed. Besides their courageous personality, they are strong and have since been used as war dogs by the Romans. They are one of the best and most used as police patrol dogs, protection dogs and sniffer dogs.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What dog is most used by police?
There are quite a number of dogs that are being employed to carry out tasks in the police force. Of all these dogs, there are particular breeds that are mostly used.
These breeds are Belgian Malinois, German Shepherd, Bloodhound, and a few others. Of these breeds, German Shepherds used to be the most sought-after but in recent times, the police have begun to prefer Belgian Malinois for their stamina, work drive and size, among other traits.
This article has outlined some of the most common sniffer dogs and why the German Shepherd is one of the most preferred dog breed for police force. If you are looking to get a good sniffer dog, you are not likely to make a wrong choice with the help of this guide.